The Technologies of the Frontier external Board of Directors

Dale M. Gray (USA) Historian of the Frontiers
Patrick Collins (UK, JAPAN) NASDA Consultant
Daniel Christlein (Germany, USA) Astronomer Scientist

Dale M. Gray

Historical consultant Idaho USA


I earn my living as a historical consultant in Idaho, USA.

I work primarily with mining, homesteading, ranching, farming, railroads and power systems. During the course of my work, I began to see similarities between frontiers and developed a model of how frontiers develop as an aid to understanding.

Because I wanted to test the model with on an unrecorded frontier with data specifically collected for the task, I began to search for an emerging frontier in 1995.

In the spring of 1996, I determined that the space frontier was displaying the hallmarks of a frontier in its earliest stages. I began to collect information off of the Web and created an annotated index which I called Frontier Status.

Since then I have published 180 Frontier Status issues, two professional papers and seven published editorials.

I have also made two trips to Washington D.C. to lobby Congress on important space-related issues. Most recently I was interviewed on frontier development by NASA for their annual ISS teleconference.

Frontier Status web addresses: .

Dale M. Gray is the president of Frontier Historical Consultants. 
Frontier Status reports are free weekly annotated indexes chronicling progress of the emerging space frontier. Everyone can subscribe to the newsletter mailing to:

When we met in Melbourne, in 1998, we felt a sudden affinity: Frontier history and Technologies of the Frontier has many common points to discuss and to work for!

TdF publishes, in the Space News Forum, many of the news collected by Dale, and we often publish, also in Italian language, the excellent Dale's articles. The articles will be easy found by means of the site search function (to be activated soon). 



Phd. Patrick Collins

NASDA consultant, JAPAN

Patrick Collins begun speaking about Space Tourism some 20 years ago, when such a matter was just like science fiction. While at that time he couldn't find audience in UK, he decided to reach Japan, where he started to work with NASDA (the Japanes Space Agencies).

In 1998 IAF Congress in Melbourne, Patrick presented the Solar Power from Space: a demonstrator satellite solar energy plant, a Japanese Government project, directed by Patrick Collins himself. The project involves 8 Countries in the Equatorian belt, users of the facility.

Patrick works without rest on Space Tourism. He is panelist in all the main congresses and symposia where such theme is discussed, and he was among the organizers of the 1999 springtime International Symposium on the Space Travel in Bremen (Germany).

Patrick Collins is the president of SpaceFuture, one of the most informed web journals, about the themes of astronautics, space tourism, energy from space.

When we met, in 1998 in Melbourne, we discussed about the space frontier situation, how and why it was still closed to the society. I was thinking about a realistic way to involve the society and private investors in the space enterprises, and I was brooding over the concepts of long terms investments, new credit tools, and so on. Patrick shared with me his analysis of the space community, spending 25 tax US$ billions per years, without paying  back a cent to the tax payers, and in the same time the only activities that could payback the investors (Space Tourism and SPS) didn't get neither the 1% of the agencies balance. We suddendly felt that we had a common political and cultural way to run together! 

 We of TdF and Patrick Collins collaborated in several cases: in the Greater Earth group, in the Brema symposium, and TdF often got very useful and well informed articles and reportages from Dr. Collins. The articles will be easy found by means of the site search function (to be activated soon).


Daniel Christlein

Astronomer Scientist, Steward Observatory - Arizona USA

Daniel Christlein, German, is an astronomer, professional scientist, and carries on his researches at the Steward Observatory, the University of Arizona, in the United States. Daniel is a member of Space Age Associates, and was among the firsts to discusss and sustain the project of the Greater Earth, since its born, in 1998. His collaboration with Technologies of the Frontier started as well from the origin of TDF. We have not so many articles from Daniel, but his collaboration is precious, and informed by the highest scientific rigour.

The contribution of  Daniel is often very useful in the discussion on the editorial strategies and on scientific topics, with which our magazine tries to deal. His transfer to America didn't surely move him away from our work and our friendship!